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Section of the wall, Villa of the Fujaçal

Section of the wall, Villa of the Fujaçal

The present classification proposal refers to a relatively big section of the early roman wall of Bracara Augusta oriented towards Northeast/Southwest, possibly built during the low roman empire, in the late III century a.C., that is, around a century after the Flavian/Antonin town had reached its maximum extension. In fact, is probable that this fortress construction was a part of a defensive scheme, from which other urban nuclei from the peninsular northwest were a part, like Lugus Augusti, Asturica Augusta, Legio e Gijon.

Located in an urban area, in the lands belonging to the Villa of Fujacal (Quinta do Fujaçal), this fortification was composed by two walls, interiorly filled with granite blocks of considerable size, together with small stones. Besides that, a lot of old structural elements of the old buildings were reused to build the effective defense system, as it seems to verify the presence of column bases fragments and shafting, identified over the 12 uncovered meters, that, in some places, presents over four meters’ height.

Similarly, to what happens in other places of the old Bracara Augusta, the systematic undertaking of archaeological excavations at this place started in the late 70’s. It was during these works that, beyond the remnants of this structure (of which were also a part other elements, like semicircular and circular turrets), were found constituents of later constructions and some quite recent agricultural equipment, that, in the set, testify for the clear human activity in this place over the centuries. Unfortunately, the fact that this area was used exclusively for agriculture between the XVIII and XIX centuries led to the degradation and disappearing of several traces of the Roman city.

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